BrahMos develops anti-aircraft variant of missile

Gestart door jurrien visser (JuVi op Twitter), 31/03/2012 | 14:33 uur

jurrien visser (JuVi op Twitter)

BrahMos set to become a "Super Rocket"

December 17, 2012

The improved version of BrahMos will be endowed with a sub-strategic capability and would also increase its tactical range.

The BrahMos supersonic cruise missile is all set to become a "super rocket" soon, which would beef up India's tactical defence capability significantly. However, the test launches of the air variant of the BrahMos II hyper-sonic missile, which were supposed to be completed by 2012, are experiencing delays. The realistic date for completion of these tests is now believed to be 2015.

Sources in the Indian strategic establishment said India has upgraded its BrahMos missiles by "wedding" these with Russia's advanced satellite navigation systems. The "marriage" of the BrahMos's navigation systems with Russia's Kh-555 and Kh-101 strategic long-range cruise missiles has made BrahMos a "super rocket". The word "rocket" here is used in context of a weapon, not a space rocket.

View the infographic: Russian-Indian BrahMos supersonic cruise missle

The new avatar of BrahMos will have to undergo tests and field trials before it becomes operational with the Indian defence services. However, this would not take unduly long.

The improved version of BrahMos will be endowed with a sub-strategic capability and would increase its tactical range too. The new version would also be capable of carrying nuclear warheads and can be launched from sea, land and air, like the old version. Its range of hitting targets would now be over 180-300 miles (300-500 km).

The new air-launched version of BrahMos will be carried by Sukhoi Su-30 MKI fighter aircraft. The Indian Air Force is set to be a far more potent force by 2020 when it is scheduled to deploy 200 advanced Sukhoi fighters, equipped with the new version of BrahMos "super rockets." This will be a lethal combination and will make the Sukhois strategic bombers.

Another important feature of the upgraded BrahMos missile is that it has added GPS-GLONASS technology to it. This is of vital strategic importance as GLONASS, Russia's navigation service provider, gives India access to military signals, while the American GPS does not.

BrahMos missile is jointly developed by India and Russia and is named after two major rivers – Brahmaputra of India and Muscova of Russia. The missile is capable of flying at a very high speed at tree-top levels which adds to its tactical utility.

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BrahMos is a two-stage missile with a solid propellant booster engine as its first stage which brings it to supersonic speed and then gets separated. BrahMos is the first supersonic cruise missile known to be in service and is deployed on INS Rajput since 2005. The missile has 'fire and forget' principle, adopting varieties of flights on its way to the target. Its destructive power is enhanced due to large kinetic energy on impact. Its cruising altitude could be up to 15 km (9.3 miles) and terminal altitude is as low as 10 meters.

Compared to existing state-of-the-art subsonic cruise missiles, BrahMos has three times more velocity, 2.5 to 3 times more flight range, 3 to 4 times more seeker range and 9 times more kinetic energy. The missile has identical configuration for land, sea and sub-sea platforms and uses a Transport Launch Canister (TLC) for transportation, storage and launch. The missile is universal for multiple platforms and can pin point accuracy with high lethal power aided by large kinetic energy on impact. It has shorter flight times leading to lower target dispersion and quicker engagement.

So far India has deployed BrahMos missile in the western sector only against Pakistan. However, since the missile is fitted on a mobile launcher it can be transported anywhere in the country and deployed within a short time. The Indian Army is planning to deploy it against China as well in near future. India started a massive war preparedness drill in Arunachal Pradesh in the north-eastern sector codenamed "Pralaya" on February 29, 2012.

BrahMos is a stealth supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft or land. It is about three-and-a-half times faster than the USA's subsonic Harpoon cruise missile and three times faster than USA's subsonic Tomahawk missile. India has also planned an air-launched variant which is expected to come out in 2012 and will make India the only country with supersonic missiles in all the defence forces. However, the 2012 deadline is unlikely to be met.

A hypersonic version of the missile, which is also presently under development with speed of Mach 7 to boost aerial fast strike capability, is expected to be ready by 2016. BrahMos has the capability of attacking surface targets by flying as low as 10 meters.

The air launch version and the submarine launch version of the missile system are in progress. The Indian Army has so far placed orders for the BrahMos missile to be deployed by three regiments of the Army and two of them have already been inducted operationally. A hypersonic version of the missile, which is also presently under development with speed of Mach 7 to boost aerial fast strike capability, is expected to be ready by 2016.

The army and navy versions of the BrahMos missile weigh three tons or more. The missile is also available for exports whosoever is interested in it as long as they are ready to shell out about $2-3 million apiece. The cost depends on the version. The BrahMos has been developed as a joint venture between the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of India and the Federal State Unitary Enterprise NPO Mashinostroyenia (NPOM) of Russia under BrahMos Aerospace. The missile is named after two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.

The writer is a New Delhi-based journalist-author and a strategic analyst who can be reached at

jurrien visser (JuVi op Twitter)

Air variant of Brahmos by 2013

The various tests for fitting the air variant of Brahmos in the Sukhoi aircraft of Indian Air Force were going on and the entire work would be completed by the end of 2013, when they would be ready to launch the supersonic missile for the first time from air, A.Sivathanu Pillai, Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Brahmos Aesospace said on Friday.

Speaking to reporters during the inaugural of a two-day conference on defence education held at Hindustan University at Padur Village on Old Mamallapuram Road, he said Brahmos without a doubt had become the most potent weapon in the world.

Various tests were currently being done for fitting the air variant of Brahmos onto the Sukhoi aircraft. The air variant weighed half a tonne lesser than the regular missiles as they had to remove boosters and other parts. The tests were being currently done at Hindustan Aeronautics Limited's Aircraft Division at Nasik, Maharashtra, Mr. Pillai said.

Stating that overall, Brahmos was far superior to Tomahawk missiles, the Distinguished Scientist of Defence Research and Development Organisation, said supersonic missiles had today become much better than the sub-sonic cruise missles. Stating that that the Brahmos' speed was 2.8 Mach, it was targeted to double this speed in the next generation of Brahmos' hypersonic missile, currently under development.

Among other issues, Mr. Pillai said DRDO was concentrating on creating technology incubation centres in multiple universities. He said DRDO could not do projects alone and that innovation and creativity in research should come from universities with funding assistance from the State.

Shekar Dutt, Governor of Chattisgarh, speaking on the occasion, said left-wing insurgency had become the most important internal security problem in India. He elaborated that Naxals inhabited remote and inaccessible areas that were also thinly populated. He categorically said that since "population density is a factor for investments on infrastructure," Mr. Dutt, former Deputy National Security Adviser and Defence Secretary, said infrastructure growth in such areas was low. Further, the task of security agencies and the intelligence mechanism was not easy in such areas.

Defence Education, he said, involved understanding of processes and procedures and implied expertise in language, cultures, terrains, regions and the capability to exploit platforms and weapon systems to their optimum capacity.

The conference is being organised by the private university's Centre for Defence Technology Studies, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom and Cranfield University, U.K. The Hindu is the media partner. Scientists from various government institutions, officers from the Armed Forces, representatives from the industry and also those from academic institutions are taking in the event.

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10 facts you should know about India's pride 'BrahMos'

India TV Webteam Updated 19 Oct 2012

New Delhi, Oct 18: BrahMos is a stealth supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft or land.

It is a joint venture between Republic of India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russian Federation's NPO Mashinostroeyenia who have together formed BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited.

It is the world's fastest cruise missile in operation. The missile travels at speeds of Mach 2.8 to 3.0.

The land launched and ship launched versions are already in service with air launched and submarine launched versions currently under testing phase.

A hypersonic version of the missile is also presently under development with speed of Mach 7 to boost aerial fast strike capability. It is expected to be ready for testing by 2017.

Here are the 10 facts you should know about 'BrahMos': (zie link)

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BrahMos to Test Submarine-Launch Missile by Year-End

MOSCOW, October 12 (RIA Novosti)

BrahMos, the Russian-Indian supersonic cruise missile joint venture, is to test-fire their anti-ship missile from a submarine platform by year-end, the  Russian partner NPO Mashninostroyenie said Friday.

"We need a test-launch by the end of the year," said the company's Deputy General Director Alexander Dergachev. "A decision will be made on whether the weapon can be accepted for service with the Indian Navy, dependent on the outcome," he added.

The test will be a single demonstration firing from a submerged raft, he said. "When an operational carrier has been chosen, then further trials will continue," he said.

BrahMos, set up in 1998, produces three variants of the BrahMos missile, based on the NPO Mashinostroyenie 3M55 Yakhont (NATO SS-N-26) supersonic cruise missile already in service with Russia's Armed Forces.

The Indian Army has already taken delivery of the land-launched variant. The Navy already has the ship-launched missiles on ten vessels, Dergachev said. The Indian Air Force will also use the weapon, from an upgraded batch of 42 Sukhoi Su-30MKI strike fighters it is expected to order later this year, Russia's Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov said earlier this week in Delhi.

"The missile had a range of 300 kilometers (180 miles), and will be vertically-launched by a gas generator in its launch container, which will eject the weapon by gas pressure, after which it will reach Mach two," he said.

BrahMos can fly as low as 30 feet (10 m) or attack its target from a high angle, combined with supersonic speed and evasive maneuvering. BrahMos can carry a conventional warhead of up to 300 kg (660 lbs).

Earlier this week, Russian daily Izvestia quoted defense industry sources as saying India has uprated its BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles by installing the advanced satellite navigation systems from Russia's Kh-555 and Kh-101 strategic long-range cruise missiles, adding GPS-GLONASS technology to the existing doppler-inertial platform.

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India Modifies Brahmos Missile With New Nav System

MOSCOW, October 9 (RIA Novosti)

India has uprated its BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles by installing the advanced satellite navigation systems from Russia's Kh-555 and Kh-101 strategic long-range cruise missiles, adding GPS-GLONASS technology to the existing doppler-inertial platform, Izvestia reported on Tuesday quoting sources in the military-industrial complex.

The integration of the navigation systems from Kh-555 will turn BrahMos, a supersonic cruise missile, into a "super-rocket" with almost a sub-strategic capability above its normal tactical range, capable of hitting targets over 180-300 miles (300-500 km), from sea, land and air launchers, and capable of being armed with a nuclear warhead, the source said.

The installation of the advanced navigation system is optimised for the new air-launched version of BrahMos, which will be carried by India's Russian-built Sukhoi Su-30MKI strike fighters. India plans to deploy over 200 of the advanced aircraft by 2020.

Analysts say the addition of satellite-based navigation systems will improve the weapon's accuracy.

"Conventional Doppler INS has an inherent drift, so the longer the range of the weapon, the larger the relative error," said Douglas Barrie, air warfare analyst at the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies. "Introducing satellite navigation improves the missile's positional accuracy. From an investment stand-point it also makes sense to re-use sub-systems that have already been developed."

Former Royal Navy Weapons Engineering officer Hugh Price agreed. "Satellite navigation means the missile will now be accurate to within a few meters," he said.

The combination of air-launched BrahMos with the Su-30 will give India a long-range strike capability similar to Russia's Tu-95MS and Tu-160 strategic bombers, said aviation analyst and editor of Vzlet magazine Vladimir Sherbakov.

"This missile is an important element in the military power of the Indian armed forces and our Indian partners have placed a lot of faith in it," he said.

India's main potential adversary, Pakistan, does not have modern air defenses capable of engaging targets outside BrahMos range, a source in Russia's High Command told the paper.

The Indian Navy carried out a successful test-firing of the sea-launched variant of the weapon on October 7 from the frigate INS Teg off the coast of Goa, the New Indian Express reported.

BrahMos can reach a speed of Mach 2.8 at levels as low as 30 feet (10 m) or fly high-profile diving attacks. The missile was jointly developed by Russia and India, based on the NPO Mashinostroyenie 3M55 Onyx (NATO SS-N-26).

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India's Sukhoi-30 fighters turn lethal with Brahmos missile | Aug 26, 2012

New Delhi: The advanced Sukhoi-30 MKI fighters of the Indian Air Force(IAF) are ready to turn lethal as the government gears up to mount the supersonic cruise missile Brahmos on the aircrafts. It would significantly add to the conventional offensive capabilities of Indian military might, while intensifying arms race in the region.

The government's programme seeks to mount the missile on 42 Sukhoi fighters alongside 216 air-version missiles.

The cabinet committee on security(CCS) is likely to give its approval on the project to mount air version of Brahmos, a supersonic cruise missile jointly developed by India and Russia, on IAF's most advanced fighter aircraft.

The project is being considered amid the feasibility studies to establish that the air-launched version of Brahmos can successfully be mounted on the fighter aircrafts. The government proposes to develop two prototypes of Sukhoi-30MKI fighters fitted with the missile for field trials in the project's first phase.

The entire project is reportedly to be executed in India by Brahmos Aerospace and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited(HAL), with Russia providing design and technical consultancy.

The supersonic cruise missile Brahmos already has land and naval versions, which are successfully commissioned by the Army and the Navy.

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Submarine version of BrahMos soon

BANGALORE, August 11, 2012

The BrahMos family of missiles, developed by the Indo-Russian joint venture BrahMos Aerospace, will soon have a submarine version, A. Sivathanu Pillai, chief executive officer and managing director of the company, said on Friday.

Speed factor

Delivering the 26th Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-National Aerospace Laboratories Foundation Day Lecture, Dr. Pillai said the challenge was to increase the speed of the cruise missiles from the current supersonic (2.8 Mach) to hypersonic levels of 7 Mach.

Supersonic missiles

Dr. Pillai said the speed of the BrahMos missiles, which are to be delivered to the Indian armed forces, was more than three times that of the Tomahawk missiles used by the U.S. armed forces. "These missiles are the only operational supersonic missiles in the world," he said.

He said the joint venture had orders worth $4 billion. Several Indian companies, including Larsen & Toubro and the Godrej Group, were involved in the production of the missiles, he added.

Host of technologies

A host of technologies would be needed to achieve hypersonic speeds, Dr. Pillai said. New materials, including those having nano characteristics and "self-healing" properties, would be required.

Satish Chandra, Director, Structural Technologies Division, CSIR-NAL, delivered the Technology Lecture.

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Russia likely to induct BrahMos in navy

TNN | Jul 22, 2012

COIMBATORE: The BrahMos Missiles developed jointly by India and Russia are likely to be inducted in the Russian navy, said CEO of BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited, A Sivathanu Pillai. He was addressing the press on the sidelines of the seventh international congress of the Association of Minimal Access Surgeons of India (AMASI) in the city on Saturday.

Pillai said Dmitry Rogozin, Russian deputy prime minister, had visited the BrahMos complex in New Delhi a few days ago and had hailed BrahMos as a model of collaboration not only in technology but in politics as well. Pillai said the BrahMos missiles, which have been hailed for its accuracy and capability, may be adapted by the Russian navy in the near future. This was not the case earlier since the defence priorities of India and Russia were different, Pillai said. However, BrahMos, which has production plants in both the countries, are not planning to export the missiles, he said. There is also a plan to develop a new version of the missile, which can be deployed in submarines. These will be tested underwater in the coming months.

Later, addressing the AMASI conference Pillai said that defence agencies including the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) have shown that they could help develop equipments and technologies in health care. DRDO in collaboration with IIT Delhi had come out with a knee joint which was composite, light and flexible. This model was lighter and cheaper than what was made conventionally. Around 40,000 models were distributed till date, he said. They are also working on other projects where they could develop technologies for developing 2D CT scan and 3D CT scan pictures. This would help doctors, he said. Similarly, nano bio medical sensors could help detect cancer and AIDS at early staged, he said.

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India pitches for BrahMos missile induction in Russian naval fleet

PTI | Jul 17, 2012

NEW DELHI: India on Tuesday asked Russia to start inducting the 290-km range BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles in its naval fleet to further strengthen the joint venture between the two countries.

The two sides had formed the joint venture to produce the supersonic cruise missiles in 1998 and since then, all three wings of the Indian armed forces have ordered BrahMos for their inventory but the Russian side is yet to do so.

In India, the Navy and the Army have already inducted the BrahMos missiles and work is on to develop an air-launched version of the missile to be equipped on the SU-30MKI aircraft.

During the visit of Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin to the BrahMos complex here, head of the Joint Venture A Sivathanu Pillai urged the visiting dignitary to ensure induction of the missile in Russian Navy, officials said here.

The Russian deputy prime minister was given a presentation about the missile's capabilities and recent achievements along with live demonstration of the mobile launcher.

Assuring his full support to the BrahMos CEO, Rogozin said, "BrahMos is not only a successful joint venture but also a model for cooperation which has immense political value for our two countries."

During the visit, Rogozin was also shown the development of the various variants of the missiles and the future plans of the joint venture company including a futuristic vision plan--2050.

Rogozin was accompanied by Russian Ambassador to India Alexander Kadakin, Head of United Aircraft Cooperation Pogosyn Mikhail and Head of Rosoboronexport Isykin Anatoli during the visit to the complex.


Citaat van: Oldenhave op 13/07/2012 | 19:54 uurOver de uitrusting van de OPV's is al genoeg discussie gevoerd, daarbij lijkt mij het niet waarschijnlijk dat een OPV van de ene op de andere dag totaal onverwacht een Brahmos op zich af ziet komen... Maar ben zoals gezegd wel benieuwd of een westers land de komende jaren met een meer capabele opvolger van Harpoon komt...
Dat dachten de Israeli ook niet voor de kust van Libanon....(INS Hanit). Ben wel benieuwd welk schip Nederland zou sturen om het embargo bij Libanon te handhaven. Zou me niet verbazen als dat een OPV zou worden.

En ik denk zelf, dat 2 CIWS echt het minimum is/wordt...ik zou kiezen voor een mix van een raket en kanon-variant. Gezien komst BrahMos en soortgelijke raketten. 


Capt Rob, (was mijn vader trouwens een grote fan van) u heeft gelijk niet iedere schip heeft er twee. De poging (gevechts)schepen was voor degene die een half woord nodig had.

Ik had beter kunnen zeggen: iedere nieuwe schip krijgt er twee met uitzonderingen van de kleinere schepen en de schepen die niet in hogere risico gebieden thuis horen.


Citaat van: techneut op 16/07/2012 | 13:01 uur
Er is een reden dat er tegenwoordig twee goalkeepers op onze (gevechts)schepen staan.

Ik kom niet zo vaak op onze marineschepen, maar bij mijn weten staan alleen op de beide LPD's en op de EVTN twee goalkeepers......


Er is een reden dat er tegenwoordig twee goalkeepers op onze (gevechts)schepen staan. Ze kunnen dan twee keer zo veel versperringen in de weg van de inkomende raket leggen. Het is met gewone natuurkunde te begrijpen dat als de snelheid hoog is, hoe minder ver de onderdelen komen bij een hit van de goalkeeper. De raket zal dan sneller DESINTEGREREN vanwege zijn hogere snelheid. Wel door zijn hoge snelheid is de reactiesnelheid aanzienlijk MINDER en als er geen automaat aanstaat ben ik wel benieuwd of de mens snel genoeg is.

En van stealth is geen sprake bij projectielen die bewegen met zo hoge snelheid, want die worden altijd gezien (apparatuur/mens) De hitte van de kop en de ontbrandingsgassen laten de raket zien als een laag staande ster (binnen een straal van 30km)

kanttekening, ik zou wel een voorstaander zijn van 35mm lopen sinds die verder komen... want bij een opzettelijke ontploffing kan de schade zelfs op de huidige afstand schade doen. (met opzettelijk bedoel ik dat de afzender hem laat ontploffen)

jurrien visser (JuVi op Twitter)

Citaat van: Oldenhave op 13/07/2012 | 19:23 uur
Blij dat jij je kans weer schoon zag om het OPV af te kraken, maar inhoudelijk kom je nergens mee. Ik vraag me namelijk af of M-Fregatten wél veel kans maken om een brahmos raket te weren. Groter probleem is volgens mij dat de VS noch Europa echt bezig zijn met een rivaal voor Brahmos, gezien die qua range en zeker qua snelheid superieur is aan Harpoon. De logica is was dat betreft helder: hoe sneller en hoe lager het ding vliegt, hoe moeilijker hij is neer te halen...

Ik vind het OPV nu eenmaal een high tech kustwacht schip.

Vwb de verdediging van het OPV tegen raketten hier schrijft Poleme over dat I-mast een verrassing in petto heeft, of dit ook fuctioneel is tegen een aanstormende brahmos raket met mach 4+, geen idee!

Is een schip met één of twee Goal Keepers wel snel genoeg?

Goede vraag voor de techneuten onder ons.

jurrien visser (JuVi op Twitter)

Citaat van: Oldenhave op 13/07/2012 | 19:54 uur
Over de uitrusting van de OPV's is al genoeg discussie gevoerd, daarbij lijkt mij het niet waarschijnlijk dat een OPV van de ene op de andere dag totaal onverwacht een Brahmos op zich af ziet komen... Maar ben zoals gezegd wel benieuwd of een westers land de komende jaren met een meer capabele opvolger van Harpoon komt...

Geen idee, misschien ligt hier een basis concept.

Boeing's Mystery Missile