Ontwikkelingen rond: Hypersonic missiles

Gestart door jurrien visser (JuVi op Twitter), 30/08/2018 | 08:36 uur



New Maritime Strike Missile Concept Unveiled By Northrop Grumman

Northrop Grumman?s maritime strike missile concept reflects huge demand within the U.S. military for new longer-range and faster-flying weapons.

Interessant artikel over verschillende raketten ontwikkelingen voor zowel luchtmacht, marine als landmacht.


Tactical High-speed Offensive Ramjet for Extended Range (THOR-ER) Team Completes Ramjet Vehicle Test

The THOR-ER program team, a collaborative effort between the United States and Norway to develop a solid fuel ramjet (SFRJ) vehicle, achieved an important milestone on August 17, at Andøya in northern Norway. The test vehicle successfully fired several times, showing the viability of ramjet propulsion technology and demonstrating significant increases in effective range.

"The United States needs to be working closely with our allies to ensure our joint force has the most cutting edge capabilities on the battlefield," said Heidi Shyu, Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering. "I commend the THOR-ER team on their outstanding work weathering the pandemic environment, continuing the development of this significant propulsion technology, and promoting continued science and technology collaboration with our partners in Norway,"

The recent tests satisfied the THOR-ER Phase 1 objectives of demonstrating jointly-developed propulsion technologies in flight, including new high energy fuels, advanced air injection, and throttling methodologies which will be essential for mission flexible SFRJ systems of the future.

"The SFRJ flight vehicle was accelerated to above Mach 2 with the help of a solid rocket booster, and transitioned to ramjet mode. The flight phase was a resounding success with stable flight, robust ramjet operation, and a high thrust-to-drag ratio," said Executive Vice President of Aerospace Propulsion at the Nordic Ammunition Company (Nammo), Stein Erik Nodeland. "The flights performed in accordance with pre-flight calculations, demonstrating a high-speed long-range trajectory. All in all, this is a real milestone. While not the first ramjet vehicle, it is the first modern ramjet, with a potential for a great improvement in range, time to target, and agility."

The first flight, conducted on August 17, demonstrated an unguided vehicle with robust SFRJ operation across a wide range of altitudes and speeds. The second test, which focused on a high thrust flight profile, took place the following day. Both flights were considered successful, having demonstrating high supersonic speeds prior to ramjet burnout and splashdown. Program officials will continue to evaluate system performance based upon telemetry and other data obtained during the test.

"Not only do the recent test firings at Andøya Space Flight Center mark a key milestone in terms of proving the THOR-ER propulsion technology, they also demonstrate the power of bilateral cooperation," said Morten Tiller, Norwegian Armaments Director. "Through concerted efforts, key stakeholders in the United States and Norway have made significant progress that promises to increase both speed and range of air defense and missile systems. I am hopeful that the collaborative approach we have brought to the R&D, prototyping and test phases will continue into the industrialization stage of the technology."

"We believe that the SFRJ is going to be a game-changer for the U.S. Navy and our Allied partners, and we are excited to see the successful THOR-ER flight tests," said Stephen Farmer, Director for Advanced Concepts, Prototyping & Experimentation at Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (NAWCWD). "We are also humbled in having this partnership with the Norwegian Ministry of Defense and Norwegian industry partner Nammo.  We know that our combined team will continue to build on this success, and we are excited for what the future will bring."

The THOR-ER program builds upon collaborative research efforts involving the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, the Joint Hypersonics Transition Office, NAWCWD, the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment, and Nammo.

"I want to congratulate the THOR-ER team on these wonderful tests. From a Nammo viewpoint, it underscores the importance of investing in competence and technological development. THOR-ER and ramjet technology can help our NATO partners with some of their most key priorities: range and precision." said Nammo CEO Morten Brandtzæg. "I think this would not have been possible without the bilateral cooperation. In time, this might be the most important project Nammo has been involved in–ever–both industrially and in terms of military importance.

About the THOR-ER project and team

In April 2020, the U.S. Department of Defense and the Norwegian Ministry of Defense jointly announced their partnership to develop advanced technologies applicable to long range high-speed and hypersonic weapons.



HII Set to Install First Hypersonic Missiles on USS Zumwalt, USS Michael Monsoor During Repair Period


De schepen krijgen volgens het artikel een nog onbekend aantal VLS buizen i.p.v. de 155 mm kanons, wel is duidelijk dat het dezelfde canisters worden die de USN nu op de onderzeeboten gebruikt ''Multiple All-up-round Canisters (MAC)'' hierin kan straks waarschijnlijk 1 hypersonische raket of 7 tomahawk kruisraketten geladen worden. In het artikel staat omschreven dat beide kanons verwijderd gaan worden voor deze VLS cellen.

Er is eerder dit jaar een schatting gemaakt dat er waarschijnlijk 4 VLS buizen komen op de plek van 1 kanon, dit zou de schepen 8 hypersone raketten geven of een 56 extra Tomahawk raketten (de Zumwalts dragen er standaard al 52 in de mk57 VLS. Hiermee komt het aantal Tomahawks op 108 stuks te liggen + daarnaast nog 28 cellen voor luchtverdediging of andere raketten.

De schatting is gemaakt op basis van onderstaande artist impressie die vrijgegeven is door Lockheed Martin.

Hieronder de impressie door HI Sutton voor Navalnews.com eerder dit jaar.


Lockheed hypersonic weapon moves to next phase after US Air Force test success

n artist's rendering of Lockheed Martin's AGM-183A Air-launched Rapid Response Weapon. The program completed its most recent successful test flight July 12. (Lockheed Martin)

The U.S. Air Force conducted a second consecutive successful flight of Lockheed Martin's AGM-183A Air-launched Rapid Response Weapon, marking the end of the hypersonic program's booster test phase.

The test took place July 12 and the hypersonic missile, which flew from a B-52H Stratofortress, met primary and secondary objectives, the service said in a July 13 statement. With the completion of the booster series, ARRW will begin all-up-round testing later this year.

Brig. Gen. Heath Collins, program executive officer for the Air Force's armament directorate, said the flight test expands the weapon's operational envelope. According to Lockheed, the test showcased ARRW's ability to reach and withstand hypersonic speeds and will help the program gather data to inform future testing. It also confirmed the weapon's ability to safely separate from an aircraft and hit targets from standoff distances, the company said in a statement.

Hypersonic vehicles can travel and maneuver at speeds above Mach 5, and ARRW is the Air Force's first air-launched hypersonic weapon. The missile is designed to destroy time-sensitive targets and, once fielded, will expand the service's precision-strike portfolio.

The Air Force's last successful ARRW flight occurred in May and broke a streak of three testing failures for the weapon, which have slowed the service's plans for beginning to field the system this year. Congress slashed ARRW procurement funding by nearly $161 million for fiscal 2022.

The service's fiscal 2023 budget request bypassed procurement funding for ARRW. The service plans to ask for $577 million next year to ramp up prototyping.


Lockheed Martin's AGM-183A Air-launched Rapid Response Weapon

jurrien visser (JuVi op Twitter)

Citaat van: Huzaar1 op 19/05/2022 | 21:03 uur
Bizar als je erover nadenkt.

Bizar als je bedenkt dat de oorspronkelijke behoeftestellen ging over 32 schepen uit deze klasse.


Citaat van: Thomasen op 19/05/2022 | 21:01 uur
Echt he.
Met het geld van dat programma hadden wij ongeveer de hele vloot kunnen kunnen vernieuwen.

Bizar als je erover nadenkt.
"Going to war without France is like going deer hunting without your accordion" US secmindef - Jed Babbin"


Citaat van: Huzaar1 op 19/05/2022 | 20:41 uur
Wordt dus weer een nieuw doel gezocht voor dat ding.

Natuurlijk, ze moeten toch iets met die 3 rompen die ze hebben liggen  ;)

Opvallend genoeg is er op de impressies wel 1 kanon blijven zitten en zijn er 4 ''gaten'' te zien in het dek. Het lijkt er op dat op de plek van 1 kanon dus 4 CPS Hypersonische raketten geplaatst gaan worden.


Wordt dus weer een nieuw doel gezocht voor dat ding.
"Going to war without France is like going deer hunting without your accordion" US secmindef - Jed Babbin"


Nammo readies SFRJ for initial THOR-ER test-firing in 2022

Nammo, in association with the US Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (NAWCWD) and the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI), is preparing for an initial live-fire long-range test flight of its new solid-fuel ramjet (SFRJ) motor with the US Navy's Tactical High-speed Offensive Ramjet for Extended Range (THOR-ER) missile propulsion technology demonstrator.

Jointly funded by the US Navy and US Allied Prototyping Initiative (API), and by the Norwegian Ministry of Defence and Nammo, the test will be conducted at the Andøya Test Center in Norway in early 2022.

The THOR-ER programme was launched in 2019 as a bilateral initiative between the US and Norwegian governments "to co-operatively develop and integrate advancements in solid-fuel ramjet technologies into full-size prototypes that are affordable, attain high-speeds, and achieve extended range, culminating in flight demonstrations in operationally relevant conditions". According to the US Department of Defense (DoD), "the effort will also consider potential US and Norwegian co-production opportunities".

THOR-ER is being advanced under the auspices of the API. Established in 2019 by the Advanced Capabilities Directorate of the US Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, the API is intended to rapidly co-develop large-scale operational prototyping projects to provide leap-ahead capabilities in 5–7 years by leveraging existing frameworks for international co-operation in research and development. The initiative is designed to progress prototyping opportunities on a shared contribution basis between the US and its closest allies.



Een van de meest uitdagende problemen van hypersonische raketten, zijn de sensoren die je wilt gebruiken. De navigatie van de raket is zeer belangrijk, behalve als je een kernkop er op zet. Dan is de vereiste nauwkeurigheid wel minder.

How to build sensors with rugged enough sensor protection to withstand extreme heat of hypersonic flight
`One of the toughest design challenges of next-generation hypersonic munitions is developing navigation, guidance, sensors, and communications subsystems that are rugged enough to operate through the extreme heat, shock, and vibration of hypersonic flight.`
Bron: https://www.militaryaerospace.com/sensors/article/14200142/hypersonic-sensors-heat

Brengt wel interesse hoe de russen dit hebben gedaan/verzonnen.


Japan's ATLA engages MHI on hypersonic missile projects

19 FEBRUARY 2021

by Jon Grevatt

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) is partnering with Japan's Acquisition, Technology & Logistics Agency (ATLA) to develop hypersonic missile systems for the Japan Self-Defense Forces (JSDF), it has been confirmed to Janes .

A spokesperson from ATLA – an agency under the Ministry of Defense (MoD) – said the collaborative projects are geared towards meeting technology development milestones by the mid-2020s.

MHI's Research & Innovation Center in Nagasaki operates a hypersonic wind tunnel, which is capable of simulating speeds beyond Mach 5. MHI has not commented on its related projects with ATLA, however.

Japan's ATLA is collaborating with MHI on developing a hypersonic glide weapon for the JSDF. (ATLA)

The ATLA spokesperson said ATLA's Air Systems Research Center (ASRC) has recently contracted MHI to "establish some elemental technologies" in the programme to develop a system ATLA refers to as a Hypersonic Cruise Missile (HCM). The research phase of this project, which started in fiscal year (FY) 2019, is initially focused on developing the HCM's scramjet engine.

In another project, dubbed the Hyper Velocity Gliding Projectile (HVGP), the spokesperson said ATLA's Joint Systems Development Division (JSDD) has contracted MHI to commence research activity, although no details were provided. The JSDD commenced research of technologies for the HVGP in FY 2018.

The spokesperson said that ATLA currently expects the HVGP to be inducted into the JSDF from 2026. A modified and improved version is expected to be introduced in the early 2030s. The spokesperson also said that technology development of the HCM is "scheduled to continue until 2025" but that it is currently "not assumed" that the weapon will be inducted into the JSDF.

Already a Janes subscriber? Read the full article via the Client Login

A fighter without a gun . . . is like an airplane without a wing.

-- Brigadier General Robin Olds, USAF.


Navy takes up project to arm Zumwalt with hypersonic strike; eyes next-generation vertical launch system
"The Navy is advancing plans for integrating a long-range hypersonic strike weapon into the DDG-1000 Zumwalt-class destroyer fleet and, as part of the effort, is also eyeing a next-generation vertical launch system -- able to accommodate larger missiles than the currently fielded Mk41 -- for its follow-on to the DDG-51, the Large Surface Combatant. Rear Adm. Paul Schlise, surface warfare division director in the office of the chief of naval operations, said the service is immediately complying with a provision..."
Bron: https://insidedefense.com/daily-news/navy-takes-project-arm-zumwalt-hypersonic-strike-eyes-next-generation-vertical-launch

Misschien nieuwe functie foor de Zumwalt-classe. En misschien een nex-gen vertical launch system! Interresante ontwikkelingen, vooral het laatste. Misschien ook voor onze toekomstige LCF's?


Lockheed Martin to develop OpFires ground-launched system for hypersonic boost glide missile

Bron: https://www.armyrecognition.com/defense_news_january_2021_global_security_army_industry/lockheed_martin_to_develop_opfires_ground-launched_system_for_hyoersonic_boost_glide_missile.html

"The OpFires is an innovative ground-launched system that enables a hypersonic boost glide missile system to penetrate modern enemy air defenses and rapidly engage time-sensitive targets. Boost-glide hypersonic weapon is a technology that allows that the weapon's warhead is initially accelerated using a rocket before gliding unpowered to its target at speeds greater than five times the speed of sound."

Nog een artikel met wat meer informatie:

"OpFires promises to be more capable and flexible than LRHW, because of the half-cone hypersonic boost-glide vehicle and, perhaps more importantly, the throttleable rocket motor. This is significant because the ability to throttle back the second-stage rocket motor means that this weapon system could have a shorter minimum range, meaning it could engage threats closer to the launch site, as well as a broader overall engagement envelope."

Een instelbare tweede stage raket motor. Hierdoor zou het wapen systeem een kleinere minimum range hebben.
Ik snap niet echt de nut hiervan.

Nog een artikel wat wel interresant is:


Delivery of serial production of Tsirkon hypersonic missile to Russian armed forces to start in 2022

According to information published by the Russian press agency TASS, delivery of serial production of Tsirkon hypersonic missiles to Russian armed forces will begin in 2022, said the Russian Deputy Defense Minister Alexei Krivoruchko.

During 2020, the Russian Navy has conducted several test-fire of Tsirkon hypersonic missiles from submarines and warships. In November 2020, the Project 22350 frigate Admiral Gorshkov from the Russian Navy has successfully test-fired a Tsirkon hypersonic cruise missile from the White Sea against a target in the Barents Sea.

THe Tsirkon hypersonic missile can be fired by warships and submarines of projects 885 and 885M. Bastion coastal launchers can also carry new hypersonic missiles.

The Tsirkon hypersonic missile, also named 3M-22 was designed by NPO-machinostroeniya in Reutov in the Moscow region. It is a part of 3K-22 (Tsirkon code) complex which NATO reports as SS-N-33.

The missile can fly at a maximum speed of Mach 9 and an altitude of 30-40 km where the range and speed increase as air resistance is smaller. According to Russian military sources, the missile has a payload from 300 to 400 kg and a length of 8-10 meters. It is capable of hitting both ground and naval targets up to a distance of 1,000 km. The missile will have a conventional warhead but speculation abounds that it could carry a nuclear warhead in the future

The Tsirkon is a hypersonic cruise missile with two stages. The first stage uses a solid-fuel rocket to lift and accelerate the missile, and the second phase uses a scramjet motor to move the missile at hypersonic speeds over a range likely limited by the lifetime of the scramjet engine.

The Tsirkon is designed to use the 3S-14 Russia Universal Vertical Launching System, the same seaborne launcher as the Onyx and Kalibr missiles, in order to make it easy and affordable to deploy on ships and submarines. According to military sources, the Tsirkon missile will have a light version that will be air-deployed, likely from a Tupolev Tu-160/M/M2 jet.